Some of the Most Common Excretory System Diseases
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Some of the Most Common Excretory System Diseases

What are some of the common excretory system diseases?

Most excretory system diseases are related to the kidney and bladder. Here are some of the common diseases of the excretory system.

Urinary Tract Infection or UTI

UTI is the infection of the bladder and the urethra which is very common among women. The symptoms of UTI include difficult and painful urination, abdominal pain, and fever. If it is serious there may be blood in the urine. UTI could be treated with antibiotics. The best way to avoid the ailment is to drink plenty of water.

Urinary Tract Stones

Stones may form in the kidneys, bladder and in the ureters. These stones are accumulated calcium salts which are not flushed with the urine. When these stones form the patient will experience difficulty in urination, infrequent urination and sometimes blood in the urine. Drinking plenty of water could help flush out the tiny stones but if the stones are already too big a surgery is needed to remove the stones or it can be crushed with the use of ultrasonic energy. There are recommended diets for people with stones in the kidneys, bladder and ureters. Too much salt should be avoided as much as possible.

Cancer of the bladder

The development of cancer in the bladder could be due to heavy smoking and exposure to industrial chemicals. The symptoms include blood in the urine that does not cause pain. Treatment of advanced stage is radiation therapy. The patient could also undergo surgery in order to remove part of the bladder infected or the whole bladder.

Kidney Failure

This is also called renal failure because of the inability of the kidney to filter waste. Renal failure is potentially a fatal condition because the kidney stops functioning. This kidney disease may be caused by infection or any obstruction. The symptoms include swelling of the body and decrease in red blood cells. Treatment includes dialysis, kidney transplant or removal of one kidney. A person with only one kidney could still live a normal life.

Enlargement of the Spleen

Enlargement of the spleen may be caused by diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid fever. It can also be caused by tumor in the spleen. The spleen could be removed by operation.


Lymphoma is cancer of the lymphoid tissues which has unknown cause. The symptoms include enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin and in the neck. Treatment can be done through radiation therapy, chemotherapy or anti-cancer drugs.


Too much uric acid accumulated in the blood causes gout which usually forms on the toes, Gout is very painful and requires treatment. Drinking plenty of water and lessening salt intake will help ease the pain. When symptoms persist you should go to the doctor for treatment.

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Comments (2)

Very nicely done.

Great information. Promoted!