Most excretory system diseases are related to the kidney and bladder. Here are some of the common diseases of the excretory system.
Urinary Tract Infection or UTI
UTI is the infection of the bladder and the urethra which is very common among women. The symptoms of UTI include difficult and painful urination, abdominal pain, and fever. If it is serious there may be blood in the urine. UTI could be treated with antibiotics. The best way to avoid the ailment is to drink plenty of water.
If the urinary tract infection does not include blood or is not serious, many times drinking cranberry juice can cure the urinary tract infection and keep it away. Make sure the cranberry juice has little or no added sugar. Also eating cranberries can be very helpful.
Urinary Tract Stones
Stones may form in the kidneys, bladder and in the ureters. These stones are accumulated calcium salts which are not flushed with the urine. When these stones form the patient will experience difficulty in urination, infrequent urination and sometimes blood in the urine. Drinking plenty of water could help flush out the tiny stones but if the stones are already too big a surgery is needed to remove the stones or it can be crushed with the use of ultrasonic energy. There are recommended diets for people with stones in the kidneys, bladder and ureters. Too much salt should be avoided as much as possible.
Cancer of the bladder
The development of cancer in the bladder could be due to heavy smoking and exposure to industrial chemicals. The symptoms include blood in the urine that does not cause pain. Treatment of advanced stage is radiation therapy. The patient could also undergo surgery in order to remove part of the bladder infected or the whole bladder.
This is also called renal failure because of the inability of the kidney to filter waste. Renal failure is potentially a fatal condition because the kidney stops functioning. This kidney disease may be caused by infection or any obstruction. The symptoms include swelling of the body and decrease in red blood cells. Treatment includes dialysis, kidney transplant or removal of one kidney. A person with only one kidney could still live a normal life.
Disease of the Liver
The liver is also part of the excretory system of our body. Cirrhosis of the liver can be a serious disease of the liver. Fatty liver disease can be a precursor to Cirrhosis. Alcoholics and those that drink too much alcohol are at risk for fatty liver disease. The excess alcohol builds up too much fat in the liver, which is why it is called fatty liver disease.
There is also non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This can occur in people that drink little or no alcohol. There has been a dramatic increase recently in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in adults and now even in children. Doctors believe this increase in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adults is from the large amount of soda pop that people are drinking, especially the drinks that consist of high fructose corn syrup. The fructose in both sugar and especially high fructose corn syrup is metabolized in the liver.
Enlargement of the Spleen
Enlargement of the spleen may be caused by diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and typhoid fever. It can also be caused by tumor in the spleen. The spleen could be removed by operation.
Lymphoma is cancer of the lymphoid tissues which has unknown cause. The symptoms include enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin and in the neck. Treatment can be done through radiation therapy, chemotherapy or anti-cancer drugs.
Too much uric acid accumulated in the blood causes gout which usually forms on the toes, Gout is very painful and requires treatment. Drinking plenty of water and lessening salt intake will help ease the pain. When symptoms persist you should go to the doctor for treatment.
Certain foods can also cause gout, foods that include red meat, chicken and organ meats like liver or kidney. Certain fish like sardines, mackerel and scallops. Anchovies and fish eggs (caviar), and yeast in supplement form.
These foods are high in purines. Gout is caused when the body has a high uric acid which causes uric crystals. Uric acid is a chemical that is created when the body breaks down substances called purines.
Try and stay off your feet if you get gout in the big toe area, and put ice on the affected area, not heat. Drink a lot of water and do not drink alcohol.