New Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease
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New Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease

Some cholinesterase inhibitors can also be given at the earliest stages of the disease. These kinds are considered effective in preventing the disease from further progressing. When the drug is no longer effective in arresting the progression of the symptoms, the physician may recommend the use of another drug, or use a combination of different drugs to get the desired effect.

Although up to this day, there is no single cure that can effectively treat Alzheimer’s disease or prevent it from progressing, there are some new treatments for Alzheimer's disease that come with encouraging and positive signs towards the better management of the disease. Studies for these interventions are however, still ongoing. One example is the use of IGIV, a drug approved by the FDA, which is still in the testing process for its effect in Alzheimer's disease. Further researches and clinical trials are also being done to better understand the disease and find new and effective mode of treatment.

Here are the current drugs being used for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. These include medications and use of other non-drug approaches for the improvement of the patient's symptoms.

Improving Cognitive Symptoms

The US Food and Drug Administration approved some drugs for the treatment of symptoms pertaining to the mental and cognitive processes of Alzheimer’s patients. Cognitive symptoms pertain to problems with various thought processes such as thinking, memory, reasoning, perception and language.

Use of cholinesterase inhibitor in patients with Alzheimer's disease is said to increases the amount of acetylcholine in the human brain. Acetylcholine is an important chemical that functions in the transmission of impulses in the nervous system. The drug is said to delay the worsening of cognitive symptoms for up to one year in about 50% of people with Alzheimer’s disease. These cholinesterase inhibitors are available for mild to moderate cases of Alzheimer’s disease, and one drug has also been used in severe and worsening conditions.

Some cholinesterase inhibitors can also be given at the earliest stages of the disease. These kinds are considered effective in preventing the disease from further progressing. When the drug is no longer effective in arresting the progression of the symptoms, the physician may recommend the use of another drug, or use a combination of different drugs to get the desired effect.

Improving Behavioral Symptoms

Science has also discovered new treatments for Alzheimer's disease particularly in improving certain behavioral symptoms, which are often challenging to both physicians and the family of the patients. Examples of early behavioral symptoms of Alzhemier's disease are depression and anxiety. Late stage symptoms of the disease include agitation, restlessness, disturbance in sleep, hallucinations and suspicion, among many others. Examples of these medications include anti-anxiety drugs which can be helpful in the management of patients who exhibit several signs of agitation, like pacing, sudden outburst, yelling and emotional distress. Anti-psychotic drugs are also given in patients who have hallucinations and paranoia.

Non-Drug Treatments

Treatments that do not involve the use of drugs have also been developed to contain the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. These treatment methods usually analyze the behavior of the person with Alzheimer’s disease, the factors that may have triggered the behavior, and devising a way to alter the reaction of another person to the said behavior. For instance, those with Alzheimer’s disease are usually agitated whenever there is loud noise in their environment. The best way to counteract such condition is to create a more quiet and calmer environment.

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