Nausea and Vomiting Causes and Cures
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Nausea and Vomiting Causes and Cures

Nausea and vomiting occur after a binge on alcohol or fatty foods and during food poisoning. Hiatus hernia and peptic ulcer, migraine attacks, motion sickness and other inner-ear disturbances also trigger nausea and vomiting. They are also common features of early pregnancy, certain cancer treatments and other medications, emotional upsets and disorders affecting the brain.
                       nausea and vomiting

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Nausea and vomiting occur after a binge on alcohol or fatty foods and during food poisoning. Hiatus hernia and peptic ulcer, migraine attacks, motion sickness and other inner-ear disturbances also trigger nausea and vomiting. They are also common features of early pregnancy, certain cancer treatments and other medications, emotional upsets and disorders affecting the brain.

Symptoms

  • Sweating, pallor, churning stomach, pressure in the throat
  • Fever, stomach pains, diarrhea suggest food poisoning
  • Upper right stomach pain through to the back may mean gall bladder inflammation
  • Streaks of blood after vomiting usually come from an inflamed stomach lining
  • Projectile vomiting can indicate a bowel obstruction

                               nausea and vomiting

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Cures

Vitamins and Minerals

Avoid fatty foods and alcohol, and black coffee and tea on an empty stomach. After vomiting, drink clear fluids only for up to 24 hours, depending upon the severity of the attack. Suck an ice cube, then try small sips of water until you can keep down more. Glucose sweets reduce nausea, as does ginger. Make your own electrolyte replacement drink with 1 pint (570 ml) cool, boiled water, 1 teaspoon (5 ml) of salt, 2 teaspoon (10 ml) of glucose, and lemon, orange or lime juice. A plain baked potato combats hangovers and bad migraine nausea.

Herbal Medicine

Ginger, fennel and anise teas all combat nausea, while lime-flower or melissa teas ease upsets caused by shock. Mint calms the stomach and removes the aftertaste of vomiting. Powdered ginger capsules can prevent and treat motion and morning sickness. Extract of milk thistle can help to ease hangover nausea, and evening primrose oil capsules taken an hour before a drinking session cut the risks of vomiting.

Aromatherapy

Essential oil of marjoram, lemon or thyme inhaled from a burner, or added to bathwater or plain massage oil, combats nausea and vomiting.

Bach Flower Remedies

A few drops of Rescue Remedy may allay the nausea and vomiting that can follow an emotional shock or an accident.

Homeopathy

Take at 15-minute intervals or less frequently, for up to 10 doses: Ipecac. 6c for persistent nausea, griping abdominal pains, vomit with mucous, all aggravated by car travel and looking at moving objects; or Arsenicum 6c for nausea and vomiting due to peptic ulcer or food poisoning (when diarrhea is also present), when stomach pain is eased by warm drinks, and when symptoms are worse between midnight and 2 am.

Acupressure

This is applied to points on the inner surface of the wrist, quells nausea and motion sickness. Bracelet devices for applying this pressure are available from some high street chemists and mail order companies.

Medical Treatment

Anti-emetic drugs such as prochlorperazine and metoclopramide may be prescribed for nausea and vomiting, and more serious causes may need to be investigated for prolonged attacks.

Prevention

  • Avoid fatty foods, and alcohol on an empty stomach
  • Wash salads and fruit, and your hands after visiting the lavatory, to reduce food-poisoning risks
  • Fresh air, glucose sweets, and looking away from fast-moving objects, reduce emotion sickness
  • A dry biscuit before rising can quell pregnancy queasiness

Caution

  • Bad-smelling vomit and belching, and a distended stomach, may indicate an obstruction - seek medical advice at once.
  • See your doctor for prolonged or frequent vomiting, with or without abdominal pain.
  • Prolonged vomiting causes dehydration, which can be fatal, especially in children and the elderly. Signs include a dry mouth and tongue, pallor, exhaustion and loss of skin elasticity. Seek medical help urgently.
  • Large spots of bright red blood or "coffee grounds" vomit suggest active bleeding - seek medical advice at once.

     

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