Gangrene; the Dead Parts in the Body
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Gangrene; the Dead Parts in the Body

Gangrene is the seo keyword used

Gangrene is a serious medical condition used to describe death in a particular part of the body where blood supply is permanently cut off. The most common site which gets infected with this disease is the feet, fingers, toes and hands.

Types of Gangrene

Gangrene can be caused of either thrombosis or blockage in the blood vessel or ischemia caused by the bacteria Clostridum perfringens.

Dry gangrene

This is commonly experienced by the elderly who also suffer from arteriosclerosis as one of the end result of increased cholesterol level, cigarette smoking, genetic factors and diabetes. The spread of this type is quite slow and the affected area becomes shrunken, dry and reddish dark black which is similar to a mummified flesh. The dark appearance of the tissue is caused by the liberation of hemoglobin produced by the bacterial infection. Soon the tissue will slough off.

Wet gangrene

This condition mostly appears in moist organs and tissues like the lungs, mouth, cervix, vulva and bowel. It is caused by saprogenic microorganisms like bacterial perfringerens, bacterial putrificans, bacterial fusiformis and the like which leads to swelling of tissue and emission of fetid smell. Unlike dry gangrene, this type quickly spreads to other areas of the body.

Gas Gangrene

This type produces gas within tissues and is associated with Clostridum perfringens. It quickly spreads and infiltrates healthy tissues near the infected area thus anyone diagnosed with this condition should receive immediate medical response. It is caused by bacterial exotoxin which is found in the soil and enters the muscle through wounds or proliferations in the necrotic tissues.

Treatment of Gangrene

Treatment and medication for gangrene vary from type to type. Nevertheless, antibiotic and surgery are the most common primary treatments given to patients with this condition. Other form of treatment may include amputation of the infected body part to stop the spread of the infection or repeated operations until the dead tissue in the area is finally removed.

Medications

Antibiotics are injected into the infected area intravenously. Pain relievers are also given to patients in response to their clamor for alleviation of the pain while anti-coagulants are provided so blood clotting can be prevented. There are also cases wherein intravenous fluids are administered into the area to help replenish lost electrolytes.

Oxygen Therapy

Hyberbaric Oxygen is seen to be by far one of the most effective alternative treatments for gangrene. It is delivered through specially designed chambers which contains oxygen that is under high pressure. Unfortunately, the treatment is very costly and is not available in all medical centers.

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