Common Bone Diseases, Causes, Prevention and Treatment
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Common Bone Diseases, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Bone diseases should be treated immediately to avoid further damage but prevention is still better than cure.

Aside from the bone injuries that I had discussed in my previous article there are also common diseases of the bones. It is important not to only know about the diseases but more importantly you should know why these diseases occur. Prevention is always better than cure.

Here are some of the common bone diseases and their treatment.


This disease is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D which is not hard to obtain since the main source of vitamin D is sunlight. It is important to go out in the morning and receive the sunlight. Vitamin D could also be obtained from cod liver oil, salmon and tuna.

Rickets is rather rare today due to vitamin D that is added to milk and orange juice. During the winter when the sun is low and most people do not get sunlight, it can be helpful to take a vitamin D3 supplement of about 2,000 IU. Vitamin D will also help the body absorb calcium from food.


This disease is very common among the elderly women because as people grow older the tendency is for the bones to become thinner and thus more brittle. In order to prevent osteoporosis there should be adequate calcium in the diet.

Calcium can be obtained from some kinds of fruits, sardines, beans, figs and some leafy green vegetables. The best leafy green vegetables to get calcium include kale, collard greens, Swiss chard, lettuce and other types of greens.

It is not advisable to get calcium from cow’s milk since milk contains too much protein. It has been found that too much protein in the diet actually leaches the protein out of the bones, which in turn causes osteoporosis. In addition to milk, a diet high in animal foods can also cause calcium to leach from the bones and cause osteoporosis.

You can also take calcium tablets if you do not have enough calcium intakes from the foods you take daily. Osteoporosis is a silent disease; you might not know that you have it until a bone is broken. Make sure that you have enough calcium, vitamin D and you also need exercise.


This disease is an abnormal curvature of the spine that causes the body to go sideways. This disease often occurs in the later years of childhood or the early years of teens. Scoliosis could also be detected on the shoulders that are uneven. This disease could also be inborn or it may be caused by certain diseases. If the scoliosis is mild it could be treated with braces or hooks but if it is severe a surgery is needed to correct the abnormal curvature of the spine.

Bone Infection

Infection produces pus that may destroy the bones. Infection could be best treated by taking anti-biotic.


Arthritis is a disease that often affects the elderly people in the joints. If the cartilages between bones are destroyed, it results to arthritis. People who suffer from arthritis complain of severe pain in joints. Swelling could also occur on the joints.

Pain could be relieved with pain relievers but this is not advisable since they only relieve the pain temporarily but do not treat the disease. Some apply hot compress. There are also ointments that you can apply to relieve the pain.

A vegetarian diet has been found to reduce inflammation and reduce arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Too much meat in the diet can aggravate pain in the joins.

Some people are sensitive to foods from the nightshade family, like white potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant and peppers (not black pepper or pepper corn). Nightshade plants have alkaloids in them which can cause some people to feel aches and pain in their joints. This is not overly common. It might be best to not eat the skin of the potato and see if that help, which is where most of the alkaloid is found in potatoes.

My grandparents use herbal medicines for their arthritis. According to them, dried legumes, pork and beans should be avoided as much as possible. You can substitute some of your foods with more fruits and selected vegetables.

Bone diseases could be minimized if you start a good diet at an early age. Bone diseases must be treated immediately to avoid further damage but prevention is still the best.

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Comments (4)

Very informative and nicely written article on the causes, prevention, and treatment of common bone diseases. Thanks for posting valuable information. Voted up!

I enjoyed reading your informative and well written article. Thanks for sharing.

Thank you Donata and Caryn.

My cousin had Scoliosis and the corrective surgery to straighten the spind. My sister had a milder condition which was corrected by wearing a body-brace for a year...