Common Ailments and Care of the Respiratory System
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Common Ailments and Care of the Respiratory System

There are many respiratory system ailments and you must know how to treat them.

The air around us is composed of many gases including other substances such as dust particles, pollen grains, fumes, smoke, salt particles, carbon monoxide from vehicles, fungi, spores etch. The pollutants in the air are harmful to living things and also the environment. People are mostly affected by air pollution trough the respiratory system. It is important to know the common ailments and care of the respiratory system.

Here are the common ailments and care of the respiratory system.

Cold

Cold is the most common respiratory ailment which is a viral infection. This causes inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose and the throat. A person with cold experiences headache, runny nose, and sometimes sore throat. Cold is easily transferred from one person to another so if you have cold and you are living with four people it is very possible that the four people in your home will be infected. You should cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze and refrain from handling objects that a person with cold has used.  Pains and headaches can be relieved with analgesics while stuffy nose can be lessened with decongestants. Another way to treat cold is to drink plenty of fruit juices.

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils which is caused by an infection. The symptoms include pain and difficulty in swallowing, sore throat, headache, and even fever. You can treat tonsillitis by drinking plenty of fluids and avoiding too sweet, too hot and too cold foods and drinks. If the tonsillitis is too painful and you are experiencing fever you need to go to the doctor so that he will prescribe antibiotics to fight bacteria. You can also try gargling with warm water with a little vinegar or you can drink a half teaspoonful of vinegar.

Laryngitis

Laryngitis is the inflammation of the voice box which is also caused by a viral infection, allergy or other substances that cause irritation of the larynx. The most common symptom of laryngitis is hoarseness and feeling discomfort in the throat. There could also be fever and dry cough. The infected person could be given analgesics for pain reliever and antipyretic to reduce fever.

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi caused by viral infection or other harmful substances. Symptoms include persistent coughing which produce thick phlegm, wheezing and breathlessness. Bronchitis could be treated by drinking plenty of fluids and steaming.

Bronchial Asthma

Bronchial asthma is caused by the contraction of the bronchi which makes breathing hard. This is due to allergy caused by pollen, house motes, fungal spores, dust and others. People who suffer from bronchial asthma often experience difficulty in breathing. They also have dry cough and wheezing. This ailment could be relieved by inhalers and drugs which are used to dilate the bronchi to relieve the patient.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is infection of the lungs which is caused by a certain type of bacteria. This diseases in communicable and is easily transferred from one person to another. Symptoms include coughing, sweating, fever, shortness of breath, and poor appetite which loses weight of the patient. The patient could be treated with antibiotics to fight bacteria. This ailment could be treated by living in a place with abundant fresh air and eating proper diet.

Emphysema

This ailment occurs when the alveoli is damaged due to heavy cigarette smoking and exposure to air pollution. When the alveoli are damaged it cannot function properly. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing and a barrel-shaped chest. Drugs that widen the bronchi are usually inhaled by the patient to reduce inflammation of the alveoli.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer occurs due to the uncontrolled growth of cells in the lungs. The main cause of this ailment is heavy cigarette smoking but people who live in places with high level of pollution could be infected too. Passive smokers are also at risk of having this ailment. The symptoms of lung cancer include coughing up blood, shortness of breath, pain in the chest and wheezing. Radiation therapy can be used to destroy the cancerous cells and prevent the spread of the disease. But the best treatment is to stop smoking and eat a well-balanced diet plus lots of exercise.

The respiratory system can be infected with diseases caused by different factors such as virus, bacteria and other substances that pollute the air and inhaled by a person.

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